Thanks to wordpandit.com for compiling these three excerpts from Bloomberg. The book: New: Understanding Our Need for Novelty and Change. Excerpts from the excerpts (click on links to see the full excerpts):
Through the ages, scientists have proposed many theories to explain our varying reactions to the new and different. In the fifth century B.C., Hippocrates identified three categories: Optimistic, energetic neophiles who crave novelty he called “sanguine.” Fretful, moody neophobes were “melancholic.” Irritable, impulsive neophiliacs were “choleric.”
Modern psychologists assert that we vary quantitatively in our approach to the new. If you’re among the majority in the moderate middle, you express your affinity for novelty in countless everyday ways. Maybe you delight everyone at your office by figuring out how to do a boring job in a more interesting, efficient fashion. Perhaps you sign up for exotic vacations, or just choose a film from Bollywood instead of Hollywood.
The word “curiosity” had previously referred to a rare, foreign or artfully made object. But now it was also applied to an inquiring state of mind, and “curious” to the person who cultivated it. “Interesting” underwent a similar evolution. The word had traditionally meant “important” and was also applied to objects, such as artwork. By 1800, however, it also referred to one’s subjective evaluation of a thing’s capacity to draw
and hold one’s attention -- an increasingly important concern.
The very different state of boredom -- the unpleasant sense that nothing interests you -- is largely a modern condition. The word itself has no derivation; “boredom” stems from no other word but was specially created, and not until the late 18th century. Before then, a feeling of disinterest was considered to be a moral and intellectual failure. ...
Internet access, coupled with eminently portable laptops and smartphones, also liberates us in certain ways from traditional categories. The old boundaries between the home and the workplace or school grow fuzzier by the day. Thanks to blogs and websites like YouTube and Amazon, the lines between “amateur” and “professional” have also blurred: Anyone can consume culture and develop expertise, or hone their latent talents. About 15 percent of Americans now engage in serious photography, videography or filmmaking.
But now that the Internet provides so much art for free, many creative people worry about survival, as do the flagging industries that formerly supported them. Rather than seeing artists as an endangered species, however, marketing guru Seth Godin says, “They’re the only people who are going to make money 10 years from now, because the way you make money is from your ideas.”