Most people who follow brain science and its practical applications have at least a elementary knowledge of neuroplasticity. For those who want to expand their knowledge, a good resource was sited in education guru Daniel Willingham's blog. From Neuroplasticity--what's up with that?:
You hear a lot of talk these days about neural plasticity--that is, changes in neural structure and connectivity. Wouldn't it be great to have an article that provides a nice overview of the different types of neural plasticity?
Dr. Willingham then links to just such an article and, since the article is behind a paywall, pulls out a couple of highlights.
First, they [the authors] offer this wonderful table that summarizes different varieties of changes to the brain.
Second, the authors provide a list of learning effects that have been associated with neuroplaticity in animal models and in humans.
He includes in his blog post both the table and the list. Click to read his post and view table and list.
I have read the article and include for you here the Abstract and an excerpt from the Summary.