(1) [I]ntention and motivation; (2) attention regulation; (3) emotion regulation; (4) memory extinction and reconsolidation; (5) prosociality; (6) non-attachment and de-centering.
In the model of mediation I use, of course the presence of those 6 would facilitate resolution. That list was taken from a new article titled "Self-awareness, self-regulation, and self-transcendence (S-ART): a framework for understanding the neurobiological mechanisms of mindfulness" (Frontiers in Human Neuroscience). In the article, the authors define the listed six states and traits, and explain how they are promoted by mindfulness.
I recommend this article both to those of us who already understand the way mindfulness of both the mediator and the parties can smooth the way to resolution, as well as to those diehards who still protest that mindfulness is not an important component of the way mediation is defined and practiced in the 21st century.
Note: Click to read the press release from Brigham and Women's Hospital issued about this article: More than Good Vibes: Researchers Propose the Science Behind Mindfulness. The release provides a quick overview.